What is hydroponics?

Posted by June Lovely Faye E. Andoy on

Hydroponics refers to the method of growing plants. But instead of using soil, it relies on a nutrient-rich water-based solution. 

The word "hydroponics" comes from the Greek origin of "hydro" which is refers to water and "ponics" which means labor. The water is the one doing the job here, allowing plants to grow quickly.

The possibility of not having to utilize soil, but instead organic materials such as clay pebbles, cocopeat, peat moss, rock wool and vermiculite has brought numerous advantages to growers everywhere. This is because the plants have direct access to the nutrients they need, and the use of specialized equipments in the hydroponic systems allows for precise control over factors such as temperature, oxygen, humidity, water and light.

Hydroponic systems also use less water than traditional agriculture, as the water and nutrients are recycled and reused in the system. This makes hydroponics an attractive option in areas where water resources are limited. It can be set up in a variety of locations, including greenhouses, warehouses, and even on rooftops, allowing for the cultivation of plants in areas where it may not be possible to grow them using traditional methods. The system can also be used to grow a wide range of plants, including vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowers.

There are several different types of hydroponics systems, including Kratky method, nutrient film technique (NFT), deep water culture (DWC), aeroponics, and drip systems.

Other equipment that is often used in hydroponics systems includes pumps to circulate the nutrient solution, reservoirs to hold the solution, grow lights to provide the plants with the necessary light, and climate control equipment to maintain the optimal temperature and humidity for the plants. 

Overall, hydroponics is highly efficient, environmental friendly and effective method of growing plants. This can result in faster growth and higher yields compared to traditional soil-based agriculture.

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