Types of hydroponics systems

Posted by June Lovely Faye E. Andoy on

There are several different types of hydroponics systems, and the equipment used will vary depending on the type of system being used.  The most common types of hydroponics systems include:

1. Kratky method is under the passive hydroponic system. A growing technique that does not require pumps or electricity during the growth cycle. The simplest and low-cost method of growing plants in a container (tuna box) filled with a nutrient-rich water solution. 
2. Nutrient film technique system (NFT), is a thin film of nutrient-rich water that is continuously circulated over the roots of the plants, which are supported by a sloping trough or channel. This allows the plants to absorb the nutrients they need while also providing oxygen to the roots.
3. Deep water culture system (DWC), plants are suspended in a nutrient-rich water solution and an air stone or bubbler is used to provide oxygen to the roots. DWC systems are simple and easy to set up, but they can be prone to disease and pests.
4. Aeroponics systems use a mist of nutrient-rich water to feed the plants, and the roots are suspended in air. This method allows for rapid growth and high levels of oxygen to the roots but it requires a high-pressure pump to operate.
5. Drip systems use a series of tubes or pipes to deliver nutrient-rich water to the plants on a regular basis. The water is typically delivered to the plants through a series of emitters or drippers. Drip systems are easy to maintain and can be used for a wide range of plants, yet they can be prone to clogs and leaks.
6. Ebb and flow system is a type of hydroponics that periodically floods the growing tray with nutrient solution, and then drains it back into a reservoir. 

Your success with hydroponic gardening depends on choosing the right system. If you are a new grower and If you want something inexpensive and low-maintenance consider Kratky method, DWC, or NFT. Choose Ebb and flow system or aeroponics if you are an experienced grower looking for greater output.

It’s important to research first for the ideal system for your garden. Costs, plants and wastes are the factors to consider when choosing your hydroponics system. 

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